Biography of President Saddam Hussein,
President of the Republic of Iraq
Born on April 28, 1937, in Tikrit, the seat of the Saladdin
Province where he finished his primary school.
Married with five children: two boys and three girls.
Escaped to Syria and thence to Egypt where he completed
his secondary school studies in 1962.
Admitted into the College of Law in Cairo and attended
in the period 1962-1963.
Having completed his third and fourth year of studies,
following the July 17th Revolution, he obtained a graduate degree from
the College of Law.
On February 1, 1976, he was awarded a Master of Art Honors
Degree in Military Science together with the Staff Degree.
In 1984, the University of Baghdad awarded him Honorary
Doctorate in Law.
Joined the Arab Baath Socialist Party (A.B.S.P) in 1956
Arrested and imprisoned for six months, while he was a
secondary school student, over the years 1958 and 1959 for his political
activities against the regime at the time. He took part in the revolutionary
operation against the dictator Abdul-Karim Qassim who was Prime Minister
in 1959. The operation resulted in the dictator receiving several shots.
Saddam Hussein was wounded in the leg as a result a shot fired from a bodyguard.
Sentenced to death in absentia on February 25, 1960.
Returned to Iraq after the 14th of Ramadhan Revolution
(February 8) 1963.
Discontinued his studies at the college, when in 1963
he had to return to Baghdad to lead the revolutionary struggle against
the reactionary draconian regime that had previously toppled the Baath
He was not spared by the round-up campaign waged by the
authorities that began on September 4, 1964. He was arrested on October
14, 1963, with charges relating to his leadership of the Baath Party's
struggle against the backward regime.
While he was under arrest, he completed and passed his
first year studies at the College of Law.
Elected as member of the Baath Party's Pan-Arab National
Leadership in 1965 while still under arrest.
In September 1966, he was elected Deputy-Secretary General
of the Baath Party Leadership in Iraq.
Escaped from prison in 1967, to resume the leadership
of the Baath Party struggle. He was once again obliged to discontinue his
studies because he was chased by the secret police.
On July 17,1968, mounting the first tank that besieged
the headquarter (the Presidential Palace) of the head of the regime, he
led a group of Party members that forced their way into the palace in order
to overthrow the reactionary regime. Saddam Hussein played a leading and
key role in planning and then carrying out the Revolution that day.
On July 30, 1968, he was personally in charge of a swift
operation to purge the new government of the July 17 Revolution of certain
of the old regime's figures, who for purely tactical reasons, cooperated
with the Baath Party revolutionaries.
He all but officially undertook the role of Vice-Chairman
of the Revolutionary Command Council as early as July 1968; but was constitutionally
elected for the post of Vice-Chairman on November 9, 1969.
On June 1, 1972, he led the process of nationalizing Western
oil companies that had the monopoly of Iraq's oil.
On July 1, 1974, he was dubbed the rank of Lieutenant
General and awarded the Rafidain Order, First Class (of Military type).
He played a principle role in formulating and implementing
the Autonomy Law for the Kurdish citizens on March 11, 1974.
On October 8, 1977, he was elected Assistant Secretary
General of the National Pan-Arab Leadership of the Baath Party.
On July 16, 1979, he was elected Secretary General of
the Regional Leadership of the Baath Party in Iraq, Chairman of the Revolutionary
Command Council, and President of the Republic of Iraq.
On July 17, 1979, President Saddam Hussein was promoted
to the rank of Field Marshal.
On October 8, 1979, he was elected Deputy Secretary General
of the National Pan-Arab Leadership of the Baath Party.
On September 4, 1980, President Saddam Hussein led the
Iraqi people and the Army wisely and bravely against the aggression initiated
and launched against Iraq by Ayatollah Khomeini's regime. The war ended
in Iraq's great victory on August 8, 1988.
On July 30, 1983, he was dubbed the Revolution Order First
On April 28, 1988, he was dubbed the Order of the people.
President Saddam Hussein actively led the modernization
of the Iraq economy, urging the construction of various developed industries
and following their administration and execution. He also supervised the
modernization of Iraq's countryside, the mechanization of agriculture,
and the distribution of land to farmers. He effected a comprehensive revolution
in energy industries as well as in public services such as transportation
and education. He also initiated and led the National Campaign for the
Eradication of Illiteracy and the implementation of Compulsory and Free
Education in Iraq.
Led his country in confronting the aggression launched
by 33 countries led by the US that waged war against Iraq. The Iraqis'
confrontation that is called by Arabs and Iraqis 'The Mother of all Battles'
(Um Al-Maarik), is where Iraq stood strong against the invasion, maintaining
its sovereignty and political system.
President Saddam Hussein has published several works in
the intellectual, political, economic, military, social, and educational
fields. They are available in translation from Arabic in the basic world
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